Development of the Europe
So as to see the differences of the periods of the Europe´s history it is necessary to commemorate the fundamental events in its development which had an ineffaceable influence on Europe´s historical flow. The great events such The Second World War and the subsequent political regime held in the Soviet Union stigmatized successive political, cultural and economical development of its countries.
World War I (1914-1918), broked out by austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand´s assassination which later spread worldwide, brought 15 millions of victims. World War I was a global military conflict that embroiled most of the world’s great powers, assembled in the Entente and Central Powers. Based on the number of dead, World War I is engaged among the deadliest conflicts.
World War 2 (1939-1945) started with the German invasion of Poland. The war was declarated on Germany by most of the countries, especially in the British Empire, Commonwealth and France. World War II, finished in 1945, brought about seventy million dead people. That´s why it is called the deadliest conflict in the history of the combats. United States of America and Russia became the supernational powers after World War II adn it lasted for the next 45 years.
The war-devastated Europe needed to be prevented from such a conflict, so the United Nations was formed in 1945 by New York City, Geneva and Switzerland as an international organization. Nowadays the United Nation Organization is involving 192 member states and its headquarters are in the New York City. The predecessor of the United Nations Organization was the League Of Nations whos ame was to stop wars between countries and to provide a rear for dialogue.
Paris Peace Conference, where the peace settlements were taken, was signed the treaty which formally ended the war. The terms of peace were deliberated there too, these two activities are the endeavors made in order to keep the international peace after World War I. Another peace endeavour is The Treaty Of Versailles which ended the war state between Germany and the Allied Powers in 1919. Project GCSE belongs to Treaty Of Versailles.
The Europe´s contemporary peace effort is based on two essential values: the first, tolerance, which is the state of mind that there are no nationals or individuals who are superior to others. The second value is the reconciliation, the opposite to the past, war. In general, the main idea is to build a Europe that turns the lessons of the past into a common future.
KATERINA VOJTECHOVA (CZECH REPUBLIC), February 2009