Islam in Germany
Nowadays students at school have seldom a discussion about life and religion of Muslims. They gain a knowledge about Islamic culture via Internet, TV and radio. Mass media give us rather a negative view of this culture or system of beliefs and values, show it in a bad light. This tendency has increased since 11 September 2001.
Is Islam a problematic question in Europe nowadays?
In the EU live 14 million Muslims. There are above 3 million Islam confessors in German-speaking area and 2/3 of them have Turkish roots. Generally, Muslims from above 20 countries are living there: Egypt, Pakistan, Ex / former -Yugoslavia and Morocco and others. They have many civic rights and treat Germany as their motherland. And German people… What do they mean about drastic influx of Muslims, why are they ready to make concession towards Muslims, why do they treat this people preferentially? There are three causes to mention. First of all is a fear. The anxiety caused by terror, troubles and demonstrations. The second one has an economic character. Germany has become a power in export , starting with selling cars and ending with industrial goods and it doesn’t want to lose this position. Above all it is afraid of boycott of commodities by Islam countries. Finally, it the Nazi-past is important. Germany doesn’t want to be accused of racism and accept and respect Islam habits, duties and traditions.
What is so typical for Islam? What are 5 pillars?
The first is profession of faith which sounds: “I testify that there is none worthy of worship except God and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of God”
The second is prayer. This ritual – called Ṣalāh or Ṣalāt, must be performed five times a day. Only children and sick people are partly exhausted from this duty and they are obligated to pray 3 times a day with face turned towards Mecca.
The next is fasting, called Sawm. In tenth month – Ramadan Muslims shouldn’t eat and drink, smoke and have sex from dawn to dust. Fasting has a deep sense, it reminds people of God’s mercy and means forgiveness.
As fourth to mention is alms-giving – Zakāt. It is giving a fixed portion of accumulated wealth and should cleanse from greed, hate and injustice.
And the last is a pilgrimage – the Hajj. Every healthy Muslim should at least once in his lifetime go to Mecca. Rituals of the Hajj include walking seven times around the Kaaba, touching the black stone if possible and walking or running seven times between Mount Safa and Mount Marwah.
All these pillars are essential in life of every Muslim and all Muslims are obligated to fulfill them. In Islam are also very fundamental main assumption, which are enclosed in the Koran and tradition (sunna). The fundamental assumptions of Islam are also enclosed in the Koran and tradition. In this religion there are no dogmas or faith mystery . And sole word “Islam” has also a specific meaning, which determines its religious world view. It means:
– A complete subordination and obedience to God
– A peace (salam) and harmony
– A moderate way of life, without luxury
photo: arne.list, licensed unter creative commons by-sa/2.0